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Beetroot Side Effects and Reactions

Even the healthiest foods in the world can cause issues in some cases, and beetroot side effects are no different. While science shows that beets have a tremendous upside when it comes to health benefits, nitric oxide boosting, and nutrients, it is still important to follow the age-old adage, “everything in moderation.”

 

Hypotensive Effects (Lowers Blood Pressure)

Beets are known to help get nutrients and oxygen moving throughout the body by raising levels of nitrates that convert into nitric oxide - a gaseous molecule that widens the smooth muscles of blood vessels. Exercise and plant-based diets are excellent for those seeking improved vasodilation. These lifestyle habits are especially helpful for those at risk of lifestyle related ailments from excess weight and poor stress management.

However, those who are already hypotensive may not want to drop their blood pressure to avoid the risk of dizziness and falls. This is why people who take certain medications should monitor their blood pressure and check in regularly with their doctor if hypotension is an issue.

 

Beeturia - Pink-Colored Waste

Beeturia - Pink-Colored Waste | NutriGardens

Beeturia, the name for the pink discoloration of urine following the consumption of beets, is harmless. Pink-colored waste from beets are packed with antioxidants that are directly derived from the vibrant color of betalain pigments and also contain fiber and vitamin C, supportive of a healthy digestive system.

In some cases, pink urine might be seen by those with iron deficiency or other issues. It is recommended that anyone who has pink urine not after consuming beets speak with a medical professional at the soonest to find the cause.

 

Mild Allergic Reactions

Although beetroot sensitization was not proven, uncommon mild reactions to beetroot may include itchiness or rash after excessive consumption. While consuming beetroot as part of a daily diet is beneficial, about 2 cups of beets could help power you through the day. Of course, recommended daily value varies depending on factors such as height, weight, and age.

Consuming beetroot daily can help boost the body’s nitric oxide levels and support nutrient uptake of:

  • Vitamin B6 (folate)
  • Fiber
  • Manganese
  • Potassium
  • Iron
  • Vitamin C

However, if one of the beetroot side effects, like a mild to moderate allergic reaction, occurs, it’s important to speak with a health professional to learn how best to safely consume beets.

 

Oxalates May Impede Calcium Absorption

Beet greens, chocolate, green tea, beans, and red wine all contain oxalates (oxalic acid), synonymous with many healthy foods but also known to slow down calcium absorption. Oxalates accomplish this by binding to the mineral and making it hard for the body to absorb them. While beets contain small amounts of calcium, their benefits far outweigh the risk of taking in less calcium.

Of course, if calcium reduction is a worry, increasing calcium intake to meet the 1,000-1,500 recommended mg daily value can be achieved by adding high calcium vegetables like collard greens, spinach, turnip greens, kale, mustard greens, bok choy, okra, or swiss chard.

 

Upset Stomach from Beetroot Side Effects

Beets are great for the digestive system because of their effects on gut bacteria health. However, people with sensitive stomachs may experience digestive distress (like gas or bloating) when consuming beets.

 A mild upset stomach could be the result of the fiber content in beets helping clear the digestive tract. This may be more prominent if fiber consumption was already low before adding beets to the diet.

Add beets to a well balanced diet | NutriGardens

Fatigue or Dizziness During Pregnancy

Some of the dizziness encountered when adding beets to a diet may be linked to lower blood pressure, especially during pregnancy. The combination of blood pressure that drops during pregnancy and from increased nitric oxide could cause extremely low blood pressure leading to dizziness or fatigue.

While cardiovascular effects of nitric oxide are good for the heart, pregnant women and others who experience hypotension may want to speak with their doctor before doing anything to reduce their blood pressure.

 

Possible Kidney Stones

High oxalate (oxalic acid) intake is also linked to kidney stones. To enjoy the benefits of beets without the beetroot side effects from increased dietary oxalates, there are oxalate-free beetroot powder supplements, where oxalic acid has been removed.

Despite this possibility, beets and kidney issues are not common compared to the collective whole. In fact, due to their positive effect on circulation as a result of dietary nitrates and potassium levels, beetroot can potentially support multiple organs. When considering your health, consult a healthcare professional about adding beets to the diet.

Beetroot side effects are not common and so far have not been widely associated with negative health. In fact, the opposite is true. The larger concern is the health effects that come with a diet low in nitrate and a body that lacks high nitric oxide production. The worst beetroot side effect could be when eating too many beets, and kidney stones become a concern. Beets and beetroot supplements provide a powerful tool for boosting nitric oxide, but as with everything in life, it is important to know the side effects to avoid them and truly leverage the health benefits of beetroot.

 

 

References:

Coles, Leah T, and Peter M Clifton. “Effect of beetroot juice on lowering blood pressure in free-living, disease-free adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.” Nutrition journal vol. 11 106. 11 Dec. 2012, doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-106

Barber, Thomas M et al. “The Health Benefits of Dietary Fibre.” Nutrients vol. 12,10 3209. 21 Oct. 2020, doi:10.3390/nu12103209

Lopes de Oliveira, L.C., Genov, I.R., Cabral, E.d.C. et al. Anaphylaxis to beetroot (Beta vulgaris): a case report. Clin Transl Allergy 1, P51 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-P51

“Optimal calcium intake.” NIH consensus statement vol. 12,4 (1994): 1-31.

de Oliveira, Sônia Paula Alexandrino et al. “A review on bioactive compounds of beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris) with special emphasis on their beneficial effects on gut microbiota and gastrointestinal health.” Critical reviews in food science and nutrition vol. 61,12 (2021): 2022-2033. doi:10.1080/10408398.2020.1768510

Hohmann, M, and W Künzel. “Der niedrige Blutdruck in der Schwangerschaft--Ursachen, Folgen und Therapie” [Low blood pressure in pregnancy]. Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie vol. 211,2 (2007): 45-53. doi:10.1055/s-2006-933493

Kemmner, Stephan et al. “Dietary nitrate load lowers blood pressure and renal resistive index in patients with chronic kidney disease: A pilot study.” Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry vol. 64 (2017): 7-15. doi:10.1016/j.niox.2017.01.011

Mirmiran, Parvin et al. “Functional properties of beetroot (Beta vulgaris) in management of cardio-metabolic diseases.” Nutrition & metabolism vol. 17 3. 7 Jan. 2020, doi:10.1186/s12986-019-0421-0

​​Sauder HM, Rawla P. Beeturia. [Updated 2021 Dec 12]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537012/


Rode, J., Bazin, D., Dessombz, A., Benzerara, Y., Letavernier, E., Tabibzadeh, N., Hoznek, A., Tligui, M., Traxer, O., Daudon, M., & Haymann, J. P. (2019). Daily Green Tea Infusions in Hypercalciuric Renal Stone Patients: No Evidence for Increased Stone Risk Factors or Oxalate-Dependent Stones. Nutrients, 11(2), 256. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020256

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